Sail Racing Abbreviations

Sail Racing Abbreviations

There have been occasions when we have looked at the results of a yacht race or a regatta and have seen an abbreviation or an acronym that has a had us wondering about its meaning, most of the time these Sail Racing Abbreviations are self explanatory, however on some occasions they can be somewhat obscure.

After compiling this list it struck us that race documents (Sailing Instructions etc) are littered with acronyms, many of these are now included in the list of Sail Racing Abbrevitions.

The table below is an effort to bring these abreviations and acronyms together. This list may be a little “AussieCentric” as that is where we live and take most interest in race results, also one of the resources used was the Top Yacht Scoring system that is popular with sailing clubs in Australia. There are a few acronyms in sailing and  abbreviations in sailing that appear to have the same interpretation, probably due to differing scoring regimes in different jurisdictions, they may have subtly different results.

So what do all these abbreviations  in sailing mean? The list is sortable by clicking on the column title.

Please feel free to contact us with any comments or suggestions regarding  this list.

Abbreviation/
Symbol
Acronym/
Abbrevation
Meaning
#No Data.
Data is missing (or questionable) from the results system.
[x] [xy] [x.y] [x.y]
Score in brackets
[ ] { } ( )
Discarded
Race score not included in series results. e.g. race dropped as per SIs.
B (Tie Breaker)Tie broken by one boat bettering another.
(No I don't understand this either).
LLate Entrant.
Boat joined series after first race.
PProtest pending.
R (Tie Breaker)Tie broken by one boat having a better score in a later race.
S (Tie Breaker)Tie broken by one boat having more of a particular score. E.g firsts.
T (Tie Breaker)Tie broken by one boat having more of a particular score. E.g firsts.
AISAutomated Identification System.
APCode Flag Answering Pennant, used to indicate a postponement.
AHCAllocated Handicap.
The Handicap allocated before the start of the scored race.
AARBArbitrated protest result.
AMSAustralian Measurement System.
VAVE
AVG
Average points given.
BCEBack Calculated Elapsed time
The time a boat needed to sail faster in their elapsed time to be as fast as the winning boat.
BCHBack Handicap
A calculated handicap that would have resulted in all boats having the same corrected time for the scored race.
BCRBack Calculated Rating
The yardstick a boat would have needed to be as fast as the winning boat.
BBFDDisqualification Under Black Flag Start.
BOWBow Number.
A number fixed to the bow of a boat .normally when there is no sail number, e..g a charter boat, normally RC allocated.
BSFTime on Distance
Handicap process. (e.g. anticipated seconds a boat takes to travel one Nautical Mile).
CBCHClamped Back Handicap.
Same as BHC but with preset limits on the amount of adjustment from the AHC.
CBHClass based Handicap.
CHCCalculated Handicap
The handicap that will be applicable to the next race.
CLClass
Class or Division the boat is competing in.
Cor'dTCorrected Time.
Elapsed time after application of handicap.
CVCommittee Vessel.
MDGMDisqualified under rule 69.1. (Gross Misconduct).
DidNotReason for a boat receiving a score greater than the number of finishers e.g. DNF, DSQ, etc.
Div
Div No
Division
Description of or the number of the Division the boat is competing in.
CDNCDid Not Compete.
Entered for the race but did not show up to the start area.
DDNEDisqualification (other than DGM). Not Excludable under rule 90.3.
FDNFDid not finish.
Not too sure of the difference to RET however in motor racing a competitor is scored RET while the race is still in progress and DNF after the event is finished.
SDNSDid not start.
Was at the starting area but did not start.
IDPIDiscretionary penalty.
QDSQDisqualified.
WDUTDuty Crew.
Points awarded to a boat that was unable to compete due to their duty crew responsibilities.
ElapsdElapsed time.
Boats time from start to finish.
NENPEvent Specific penalty.
As defined in the Sailing Instructions.
EESPDisqualified but not excluded.
ETElapsed Time.
Start time subtracted from Finish time.
ETO
ETord
Elapsed Time Order.
Elapsed Time Order.
The order of finishing based on elapsed time.
XEXCRace results excluded.
The results of a particular race are exclude for all boats.
Fin TimFinish Time.
Finish time at time of day. as opposed to elapsed time.
FleetFleet
Subject boat's situation overall (in the Fleet), irrespective of Class/Division.
HCHandicap.
HPSHandicap Points Score.
IMSInternational Measurement System.
IORInternational Offshore Rule.
IRCInternational Racing Conference. A measurement based handicap rating system.
ISAFInternational Sailing Federation
(Now known as "World Sailing").
LBCHD
LBCHL
LBCHU
Limited Back Handicap Discard.
Limited Back Handicap Lower.
Limited Back Handicap Upper.
Same as CBCH but with preset limits on the amount of Upper or Lower adjustment or when the result will be discarded.
LMLaid mark.
LOALength Overall.
LTPPerformance based handicap system for sports boats.
AMEDMediated protest result.
See also ARB.
MOBMan Over Board.
MPZMoving Prohibited Zone.
NHCNational Handicap for Cruisers
Based on the boat's previous performances.
NMNautical mile.
NORNotice of Race.
NSCDid not sail course.
OAOrganising Authority.
OOCSOn Course Side or On Course at Start.
Over the line at the start.
ODOne Design.
ODMOuter Distance Mark.
OODOfficer Of the Day.
ORCOff Shore Racing Conference. A measurement based handicap rating system.
ORCcOff Shore Racing Conference - Club
A measurement based handicap rating system. Based on honesty self measurement.
OVOverall
Subject boat's situation overall, irrespective of Class/Division.
PBHPerformance Based Handicap
Based on the boat's previous performances.
PHRFPerformance Handicap Racing Fleet.
Handicap system Based on the previous performances of all boats of a particular class, design or Model.
PHSPerformance Handicap System.
Based on the boat's previous performances.
PPProtest Panel.
PROPrincipal Race Officer.
PYPortsmouth Yardstick
A empirical handicap system first developed in (believe it or not) Portsmouth.
RRAFRetired After Finishing.
RCRace Committee.
RDRace Director.
GRDGRedress given.
Points awarded to a boat that due to exceptional circumstances achieved a result worse than the points given. E.G. provided assistance to another boat in difficulty.
RRETRetired.
Not too sure of the difference to DNF however in Motor racing a competitor is scored RET while the race is still in progress and DNF after the event is finished.
RORace Officer.
RRRacing Rule.
RRSRacing Rules of Sailing
Or to those that like to remember before electronic publishing; The Blue Book (In Australia).
SCDSafety Compliance Delaration.
YSCPScoring penalty taken
Rule 44.3.
SI
SIS
SIs
Sailing Instructions.
SMSSport Boat Measurement System.
TCCTime on Time Handicap.
TCFTime Correction Factor
Handicap value to determine corrected time.
TTLETime Limit Exceeded.
Finished outside of the time limit applicable to that race.
TLPTime Limit Penalty.
TODTime on Distance
Handicap process. (e.g. anticipated seconds a boat takes to travel one Nautical Mile).
TOTTime on Time Handicap.
UUFDScoring penalty, RRS 30.3 (U flag).
UFPScoring penalty, RRS 30.1 (I flag).
USSERUS Safety Equipment Regulations.
VHFVery High Frequency Radio.
Often expressed as:
VHF channel 77
or VHF 77.
Vis
Vs
Visitor.
Possibly not collect series points or affect other competitors points.
W/LWindward/Leeward.
WMWindward Mark.
WSWorld Sailing.
YRSAYacht Racing Services Association.
ZZFPScoring penalty, RRS 30.2 (Z flag).

G-whizz Elan 340